Moses Never Existed, Exodus Never Happened, Scholars Agree

Moses Never Existed, Exodus Never Happened, Scholars Agree

The main book of Judaism, called the Torah (the first 5 books of the Old Testament, "OT") is filled with stories of persecution of a people called Israelites by an unnamed Egyptian Pharaoh who allegedly enslaved them and their leader Moses who led them out of Egypt in a mass Exodus to the "Promised Land" called Israel.  The Judaists (who often refer to themselves as “Jews”) believe the Torah was divinely inspired, and read it in their synagogues and treat it with the utmost reverence as their most holy book.  They observe practices such as kosher and keep holidays such as Sabbath and Pesach (Passover) prescribed in the Torah and consider Moses as their main prophet and take the Torah literally and as their ancestral history.


  However, upon reading the Torah objectively, it becomes clear that it is fiction, given the supernatural myths and fantastic fables, and the inconsistencies and contradictions therein.  This is obvious from Book 1, Page 1.  The Earth is not 6000 years old.  Cultures (unknown to the scribes) flourished much before.  Written records and archeological evidence using carbon dating show man's presence tens of thousands of years ago, probably over a 100,000 years ago.  A million people cannot live in a vast desert (without water or food) in a hostile nation for 40 years--and leave no trace.


  The Documentary Hypothesis showed that the Old Testament (of which there are many versions) was weaved together out of four source documents by 4 or more authors and produced much later than claimed.


See  "The Forgery of the Old Testament" by Joseph McCabe:


Also see the book:  "The Age of Reason", by America's founding father Thomas Paine, in which Paine labels the OT as "spurious."


  The Torah is replete with supernatural fairly tales, self-serving grandiosities and contradictions.  For example, there are 2 versions of the creation account in Genesis and they contradict each other in key details.  Snakes and donkeys cannot talk.  A stick cannot turn into a snake, nor a woman into a pillar of salt.  Starving slaves lost in the Sinai desert for 40 years cannot build a golden calf to worship while crying for food and water.


For a list of about 100 contradictions in the Old Testament, see:


  Furthermore, textual analysis, archeological and historical evidence (biblical criticism) have each proven Moses, Exodus, Abraham, Joshua, King David, Solomon etc. to be basically myths with parallels in Egyptian, Mesopotamian/Sumerian and other ancient near east (ANE) cultures.


  For eg., Prof. Ze'ev Herzog who teaches in the Department of Archaeology and Ancient Near Eastern Studies at Tel Aviv University, in "Deconstructing the Walls of Jericho", states as follows:


"This is what archaeologists have learned from their excavations in the Land of Israel: the Israelites were never in Egypt, did not wander in the desert, did not conquer the land in a military campaign and did not pass it on to the 12 tribes of Israel. Perhaps even harder to swallow is the fact that the united monarchy of David and Solomon, which is described by the Bible as a regional power, was at most a small tribal kingdom. ..... Most of those who are engaged in scientific work in the interlocking spheres of the Bible, archaeology and the history of the Jewish people - and who once went into the field looking for proof to corroborate the Bible story - now agree that the historic events relating to the stages of the Jewish people's emergence are radically different from what that story tells."  (in an article in the Jewish magazine Haaretz, as republished on):


For further evidence, see:


See “False Testament” in Harper’s Magazine:


Also see the New York Times article of Tuesday, April 3, 2007, by Michael Slackman, entitled:  “In Sinai desert, no trace of Moses” at:


See “Moses and Other Historical Fabrications” at:


See the new book:  “Did Moses Exist? The Myth of the Israelite Lawgiver”.


  Ancient Egyptians, who kept one of the most detailed ancient historic details, make no mention of any Jews there or other historic events of any "Moses” or any "Jew" slaves escaping, though they make mention of one Egyptian slave who once escaped and was caught.  The Moses myth was copied from the myth of Mises of Sargon. 


   The fact is there was no Abraham, nor Moses, nor any King David.  There was no enslavement in Egypt, and no Exodus.  Most of the Old Testament stories and fables were borrowed from older Zoroastrian, Egyptian (i.e. African) and other pagan myths (such as Sargon & Mises myths, the Code of Hammurabi, etc.) prevalent around that time in the Near East and the scribes altered them and inserted their own tribal heroes and projected them back in time for ulterior purposes (such as for the Yahweh priests to gain more money and power by promoting their cult over the mainstream pagan (Baal) cults to divert followers and thereby donors towards themselves and/or fabricate a fake history to unite their tribe).


Noah's flood story was copied from the Epic of Gilgamesh.



See the book “Bible Myths and Their Parallels in Other Religions” by Doane.

See:  “101 Myths of the Bible: How Ancient Scribes Invented Biblical History” by Gary Greenberg (Author).


  Moses could not have parted the Red Sea, not only because it violates the laws of physics, and there was no Moses, but because there was no Red Sea to cross, since Egypt and the Sinai Peninsula shared a common land border in the north-east (at least prior to the construction of the Suez canal, which was done in modern times), and from where the Patriarchs entered Egypt initially without any mention in the Torah of their having to cross any Red Sea.  Furthermore, Sinai was a part of Egypt then (like it is now), so there was no exodus—just a movement from one part of Egypt to another!


  Since Moses never existed, and the Exodus never happened, and the Torah is basically myth, fable and fiction, Judaism and the notions of "Jew" and “covenant” and their mythical claim to a “promised land” all collapse like a house of cards.